Constantes de solubilidad (Ks)

 

Compuesto

Fòrmula

Ksp

aluminum hydroxide

Al(OH)3

4.6 x 10-33

aluminum phosphate

AlPO4

6.3 x 10-19

barium carbonate

BaCO3

5.1 x 10-9

barium chromate

BaCrO4

2.2 x 10-10

barium floride

BaF2

1.0 x 10-6

barium hydroxide

Ba(OH)2

5 x 10-3

barium iodate

Ba(IO3)2

1.5 x 10-9

barium oxalate

BaC2O4

2.3 x 10-8

barium sulfate

BaSO4

1.1 x 10-10

barium sulfite

BaSO3

8 x 10-7

barium thiosulfate

BaS2O3

1.6 10-5

bismuthyl chloride

BiOCl

1.8 x 10-31

bismuthyl hydroxide

BiOOH

4 x 10-10

bismuth(III) sulfide

Bi2S3

1 x 10-97

cadmium carbonate

CdCO3

5.2 x 10-12

cadmium hydroxide

Cd(OH)2

2.5 x 10-14

cadmium iodate

Cd(IO3)2

2.3 x 10-8

cadmium sulfide

CdS

8.0 x 10-27

calcium carbonate

CaCO3

3.8 x 10-9

calcium chromate

CaCrO4

7.1 x 10-4

calcium fluoride

CaF2

5.3 x 10-9

calcium hydroxide

Ca(OH)2

5.5 x 10-6

calcium iodate

Ca(IO3)2

7.1 x 10-7

calcium oxalate hydrate

CaC2O4.H2O

1.96 x 10-8

calcium hydrogen phosphate

CaHPO4

1 x 10-7

calcium phosphate

Ca3(PO4)2

1 x 10-26

calcium sulfate

CaSO4

9.1 x 10-6

calcium sulfite

CaSO3

6.8 x 10-8

chromium(II) hydroxide

Cr(OH)2

2 x 10-16

chromium(III) hydroxide

Cr(OH)3

6.3 x 10-31

cobalt(II) carbonate

CoCO3

1.4 x 10-13

cobalt(III) hydroxide

Co(OH)3

1.6 x 10-44

cobalt(II) sulfide

CoS

4.0 x 10-21

copper(I) chloride

CuCl

1.2 x 10-6

copper(I) cyanide

CuCN

3.2 x 10-20

copper(I) iodide

CuI

1.1 x 10-12

copper(I) sulfide

Cu2S

2.5 x 10-48

copper(II) arsenate

Cu3(AsO4)2

7.6 x 10-36

copper(II) carbonate

CuCO3

1.4 x 10-10

copper(II) chromate

CuCrO4

3.6 x 10-6

copper(II)

Cu2[Fe(CN)6]

1.3 x 10-16

copper(II) hydroxide

Cu(OH)2

2.2 x 10-20

copper(II) sulfide

CuS

6 x 10-37

copper(II) thiocyanate

Cu(SCN)2

4.0 x 10-14

fluorapatite

Ca5(PO4)3F

1.0 x 10-60

hydroxyapatite

Ca5(PO4)3OH

1.0 x 10-36

iron(II) carbonate

FeCO3

3.2 x 10-11

iron(II) hydroxide

Fe(OH)2

8.0 x 10-16

iron(II) sulfide

FeS

6 x 10-19

iron(III) arsenate

FeAsO4

5.7 x 10-21

iron(III) ferrocyanide

Fe4[Fe(CN)6]3

3.3 x 10-41

iron(III) hydroxide

Fe(OH)3

4 x 10-38

iron(III) phosphate

FePO4

1.3 x 10-22

lead(II) arsenate

Pb3(AsO4)2

4.0 x 10-36

lead(II) azide

Pb(N3)2

2.5 x 10-9

lead(II) bromate

Pb(BrO3)2

7.9 x 10-6

lead(II) bromide

PbBr2

4.0 x 10-5

lead(II) carbonate

PbCO3

7.4 x 10-14

lead(II) chloride

PbCl2

1.6 x 10-5

lead(II) chromate

PbCrO4

2.8 x 10-13

lead(II) fluoride

PbF2

2.7 x 10-8

lead(II) hydroxide

Pb(OH)2

1.2 x 10-5

lead(II) iodate

Pb(IO3)2

2.6 x 10-13

lead(II) iodide

PbI2

7.1 x 10-9

lead(II) sulfate

PbSO4

1.6 x 10-8

lead(II) sulfide

PbS

3 x 10-29

lithium carbonate

Li2CO3

2.5 x 10-2

lithium fluoride

LiF

3.8 x 10-3

lithium phosphate

Li3PO4

3.2 x 10-9

magnesium ammonium phosphate

MgNH4PO4

2.5 x 10-13

magnesium arsenate

Mg3(AsO4)2

2.1 x 10-20

magnesium carbonate

MgCO3

3.5 x 10-8

magnesium fluoride

MgF2

3.7 x 10-8

magnesium hydroxide

Mg(OH)2

1.8 x 10-11

magnesium oxalate

MgC2O4

7 x 10-7

magnesium phosphate

Mg3(PO4)2

1 x 10-25

manganese(II) carbonate

MnCO3

1.8 x 10-11

manganese(II) hydroxide

Mn(OH)2

1.9 x 10-9

manganese(II) sulfide

MnS

2.5 x 10-13

mercury(I) bromide

Hg2Br2

5.6 x 10-23

mercury(I) chloride

Hg2Cl2

5.0 x 10-13

mercury(I) chromate

Hg2CrO4

2.0 x 10-9

mercury(I) cyanide

Hg2(CN)2

5 x 10-40

mercury(I) iodide

HgI2

4.5 x 10-29

mercury(I) sulfate

Hg2SO4

7.4 x 10-7

mercury(I) sulfide

Hg2S

1.0 x 10-47

mercury(I) thiocyanate

Hg2(SCN)2

3.0 x 10-20

mercury(II) sulfide

HgS

1.6 x 10-52

mercury(II) thiocyanate

Hg(SCN)2

2.8 x 10-20

nickel(II) carbonate

NiCO3

6.6 x 10-9

nickel(II) hydroxide

Ni(OH)2

2.0 x 10-15

nickel(II) sulfide

NiS

3 x 10-19

scandium fluoride

ScF3

4.2 x 10-18

scandium hydroxide

Sc(OH)3

4.2 x 10-18

silver arsenate

Ag3AsO4

1.0 x 10-22

silver acetate

AgC2H3O2

2.0 x 10-3

silver azide

AgN3

2.0 x 10-8

silver benzoate

AgC7H5O2

2.5 x 10-5

silver bromate

AgBrO3

5.5 x 10-5

silver bromide

AgBr

5.3 x 10-13

silver carbonate

Ag2CO3

8.1 x 10-12

silver chloride

AgCl

1.8 x 10-10

silver chromate

Ag2CrO4

1.1 x 10-12

silver cyanide

AgCN

1.2 x 10-16

silver iodate

AgIO3

3.0 x 10-8

silver iodide

AgI

8.3 x 10-17

silver nitrite

AgNO2

6.0 x 10-4

silver oxalate

Ag2C2O4

3.6 x 10-11

silver sulfate

Ag2SO4

1.4 x 10-5

silver sulfide

Ag2S

6 x 10-51

silver sulfite

AgSO3

1.5 x 10-14

silver thiocyanate

AgSCN

1.0 x 10-12

strontium carbonate

SrCO3

1.1 x 10-10

strontium chromate

SrCrO4

2.2 x 10-5

strontium fluoride

SrF2

2.5 x 10-9

strontium oxalate

SrC2O4

4 x 10-7

strontium sulfate

SrSO4

3.2 x 10-7

strontium sulfite

SrSO3

4 x 10-8

thallium(I) bromate

TlBrO3

1.7 x 10-4

thallium(I) bromide

TlBr

3.4 x 10-6

thallium(I) chloride

TlCl

1.7 x 10-4

thallium(I) chromate

Tl2CrO4

9.8 x 10-15

thallium(I) iodate

TlIO3

3.1 x 10-6

thallium(I) iodide

TlI

6.5 x 10-8

thallium(I) sulfide

Tl2S

6 x 10-22

thallium(I) thiocyante

TlSCN

1.6 x 10-4

thallium(III) hydroxide

Tl(OH)3

6.3 x 10-46

tin(II) hydroxide

Sn(OH)2

1.4 x 10-28

tin(II) sulfide

SnS

1 x 10-26

zinc carbonate

ZnCO3

1.4 x 10-11

zinc cyanide

Zn(CN)2

3 x 10-16

zinc hydroxide

Zn(OH)2

1.2 x 10-17

zinc iodate

Zn(IO3)2

3.9 x 10-6

zinc oxalate

ZnC2O4

2.7 x 10-8

zinc phosphate

Zn3(PO4)2

9.0 x 10-33

zinc sulfide

ZnS

2 x 10-25

Constantes de formación de algunos iones complejos (25ºC)

Fórmula

Kf

 

Ag(CN)2-

5.6 x 1018

 

Ag(NH3)2+

1.7 x 107

 

Ag(S2O3)23-

2.9 x 1013

 

Co(SCN)+

100

 

Cu(CN)2-

1.0 x 1016

 

Cu(NH3)42+

1.0 x 1013

 

Fe(SCN)2+

900

 

HgI42- HgI42-

4.2 x 1027

 

Zn(NH3)42+

2.9 x 109

 

Zn(OH)42-

4.6 x 1017