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Principales iones inorgánicos

 

MONOATOMICOS

Cations

Ion

Name

H+

Hydrogen

Li+

Lithium

Na+

Sodium

K+

Potassium

Ag+

Silver

Be2+

Beryllium

Mg2+

Magnesium

Ca2+

Calcium

Sr2+

Strontium

Ba2+

Barium

Cd2+

Cadmium

Zn2+

Zinc

Pb2+

Lead

Ni2+

Nickel

B3+

Boron

Al3+

Aluminum

Bi3+

Bismuth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anions

Ion

Name

F-

Fluoride

Cl-

Chloride

Br-

Bromide

I-

Iodide

H-

Hydride

O2-

Oxide

S2-

Sulfide

 

Cations: Variable Valence

Ion

Systematic Name

Alternative Name

Cu+

Copper (I)

Cuprous

Cu2+

Copper (II)

Cupric

Hg+

Mercury (I)

Mercurous

Hg2+

Mercury (II)

Mercuric

Note: Mercury (I) ions always occur bound together to form Hg22+ ions.

Au+

Gold (I)

Aurous

Au3+

Gold (III)

Auric

Co2+

Colbalt (II)

Cobaltous

Co3+

Colbalt (III)

Cobaltic

Cr2+

Chromium (II)

Chromous

Cr3+

Chromium (III)

Chromic

Fe2+

Iron (II)

Ferrous

Fe3+

Iron (III)

Ferric

Mn2+

Manganese (II)

Manganous

Mn4+

Manganese (IV)

Manganic

Pt2+

Platinum (II)

Platinous

Pt4+

Platinum (IV)

Platinic

Sn2+

Tin (II)

Stannous

Sn4+

Tin (IV)

Stannic

As3+

Arsenic (III)

Arsenous

As5+

Arsenic (V)

Arsenic

Sb3+

Antimony (III)

Antimonous

Sb5+

Antimony (V)

Antimonic

 

POLIATÓMICOS

 

Cations

Ion

Name

Ag(NH3)2+

Diammine silver (I)

Hg22+

Mercury (I)

NH4+

Ammonium

 

Anions

Ion

Name

AsO33-

Arsenite

AsO43-

Arsenate

BO33-

Borate

C2H3O2-

Acetate

CH3COO-

CN-

Cyanide

CO32-

Carbonate

HCO3-

Hydrogen carbonate

C2O42-

ala

ClO-

Hypochlorite

ClO2-

Chlorite

ClO3-

Chlorate

ClO4-

Perchlorate

CrO42-

Chromate

Cr2O72-

Dichromate

Fe(CN)63-

Hexacyanoferrate (III)

Fe(CN)64-

Hexacyanoferrate (II)

MnO4-

Permanganate

MnO42-

Manganate

MoO42-

Molybdate

NH2-

Amide

NO2-

Nitrite

NO3-

Nitrate

O22-

Peroxide

OH-

Hydroxide

PO43-

Phosphate

HPO42-

Hydrogen phosphate

H2PO4-

Dihydrogen phosphate

SCN-

Thiocyanate

SO32-

Sulfite

HSO3-

Hydrogen sulfite

SO42-

Sulfate

HSO4-

Hydrogen sulfate

S2O32-

Thiosulfate